Tag: Alzheimer’s

Remembering B Smith (1949-2020)

At age 70, Smith succumbed to early onset Alzheimer’s, which she had been battling for years. She died Saturday at her Long Island home with family nearby.

Plenty of media have described Smith as the “black Martha Stewart.” And superficially, one could see why: Both women had been models (Smith appeared on the covers of several fashion magazines, the first brown-skinned black model to be featured on Mademoiselle’s cover in the 1970s). Both had a genius for cooking and entertaining. Both eventually built an empire based on their skills (food, decorating, entertaining, home keeping). And when people (mostly white people) called Smith the black Martha, they meant it as a compliment. Smith saw it as well-intended but shortsighted.

“Martha Stewart has presented herself doing the things domestics and African Americans have done for years,” Smith told New York magazine in a 1997 interview. “We were always expected to redo the chairs and use everything in the garden. This is the legacy that I was left. Martha just got there first.” True, but Smith made up for that by diving into everything she did with passion.

Born to a steelworker father and a mother who was a part-time housekeeper, Barbara Elaine Smith left her Western Pennsylvania hometown of Scottsdale for a modeling career right after high school. Barbara became B. as her modeling career took off. After a successful career with modeling agency Wilhelmina and several lucrative corporate contracts, Smith became interested in restaurants.

She married her second husband, Dan Gasby, in 1992, and together they created an empire that encompassed bestselling cookbooks, the weekly show and a lifestyle magazine that was briefly published by American Express. Eventually there were also housewares, bed linens and even an At Home with B. Smith furniture line.

Smith opened her first eponymous restaurant in Manhattan’s theater district in 1986. Two more B. Smith restaurants followed: one near her weekend home on Long Island and the other in the historic Union Station complex in Washington, D.C.

Smith had been showing signs of forgetfulness for a while. In 2013, after she lost her train of thought while she was doing a cooking demonstration on NBC’s Today, she sought a doctor’s opinion.

The devastating verdict: tests indicated she was in the beginning stages of early onset Alzheimer’s disease. She and Gasby went public with the news in 2014. Smith put on a brave face and told the public she intended to live and enjoy life until she couldn’t.

The B. Smith who appeared in a public service announcement the following year was a woman whose wattage had dimmed considerably. Her disease was progressing swiftly. Her famously radiant smile flashed less frequently. Her sparkling eyes looked vacant, she forgot things easily and she once got lost in Manhattan for several hours.

Despite that, she and Gasby did several interviews to educate the public and destigmatize Alzheimer’s. They also wrote a book, Before I Forget, about dealing with the disease. They were determined to try to make a difference, as Alzheimer’s is known to be more prevalent in women and African Americans.

It’s a hard call that more and more Americans are going to have to make, as more of us are diagnosed with Alzheimer’s. Last year, the Alzheimer’s Association estimated 5.8 million people have the disease; 200,000 of those have early onset.

November Is Alzheimer’s Awareness Month!!




Across our Nation, as many as 5 million Americans live with Alzheimer’s disease — currently an irreversible, incurable, and fatal disease. Together with their loved ones, these individuals experience the tragic realities of a disease that gradually erases cherished memories, affects behavior, and destroys the ability to live independently and carry out the simplest daily tasks. This month, we recognize all those whose lives have been touched by Alzheimer’s, and we renew our commitment to making progress in the war against it.

The Federal Government is the world’s leading funder of Alzheimer’s research, and we are dedicated to finding ways to prevent and effectively treat this devastating disease by 2025. Guided by the National Plan to Address Alzheimer’s Disease, my Administration is working to enhance care for Alzheimer’s patients, expand support for all people with dementia, and strengthen public-private partnerships to support the Alzheimer’s community. We have funded major new clinical trials, helped train health care providers to diagnosis and manage dementia, and launched a new website that serves as a one-stop resource on Alzheimer’s issues. And this year, as part of our Brain Research through Advancing Innovative Neurotechnologies (BRAIN) Initiative, we announced new investments to support the research that could unlock the answers to this disease. To learn more about Alzheimer’s disease — including risk factors and early signs and symptoms — and to access resources for patients and caregivers, Americans can visit www.Alzheimers.gov.

During National Alzheimer’s Disease Awareness Month, we join with researchers, health care providers, and patient advocates across our country to lift up all those who are battling this disease every day. As we come together to raise awareness about Alzheimer’s, we honor the individuals who lost their lives to it, as well as the devotion and selflessness of the millions of caregivers who endure the financial and emotional strains of this disease. In their spirit, let us continue our work to end this debilitating ailment and its devastating effects.

NOW, THEREFORE, I, BARACK OBAMA, President of the United States of America, by virtue of the authority vested in me by the Constitution and the laws of the United States, do hereby proclaim November 2014 as National Alzheimer’s Disease Awareness Month. I call upon the people of the United States to learn more about Alzheimer’s disease and support the individuals living with this disease and their caregivers.

IN WITNESS WHEREOF, I have hereunto set my hand this thirty-first day of October, in the year of our Lord two thousand fourteen, and of the Independence of the United States of America the two hundred and thirty-ninth.



Alzheimer’s In The African American Community

The Alzheimer’s Association has identified an emerging public health crisis among African-Americans — the Silent Epidemic of Alzheimer’s Disease. Many Americans dismiss the warning signs of Alzheimer’s, believing that these symptoms are a normal part of aging. This is of even greater concern for African-Americans, who are two times more likely to develop late-onset Alzheimer’s disease than whites and less likely to have a diagnosis of their condition, resulting in less time for treatment and planning. By working together, we hope to reduce the risk factors and reverse the growing trend of Alzheimer’s disease among African-Americans.

While there are currently no treatments to stop or even slow the progression of Alzheimer’s, early detection and diagnosis can allow for earlier use of available treatments that may provide some relief of symptoms and help maintain independence longer.

Delays in diagnosis mean that African-Americans are not getting treatments when they are most likely to be effective at improving quality of life, as well as taking critical steps to educate themselves on Alzheimer’s and establish support networks. Below are the 10 Warning Signs of Alzheimer’s. Individuals may experience one or more of these signs in different degrees. If you notice any of them, please consult your physician.

10 Warning Signs of Alzheimer’s

1. Memory loss that disrupts daily life.

2. Challenges in planning or solving problems.

3. Difficulty completing familiar tasks at home, at work or at leisure.

4. Confusion with time or place.

5. Trouble understanding visual images and spatial relationships

For more information, please visit the Alzheimer’s Association.


Silver Alerts & Alzheimer’s

We’ve all heard about Amber Alerts for missing children, but what about a system for older missing adults? Introduced nationally in 2008, ‘Silver Alert’ is a public notification system used to broadcast information about senior citizens missing from their homes. In particular, seniors with Alzheimer’s, dementia or any other mental instability.

A progressive and fatal disease, Alzheimer’s poses significant safety concerns for people living with the disease and enormous challenges and stress for caregivers. Alzheimer’s disease destroys brain cells responsible for memory, thinking and behavior. As a result, people living with Alzheimer’s may become disorientated and lost even in their own neighborhood or places that are familiar to them. Due to confusion, they are often unable to ask for help leaving them vulnerable to weather, traffic and other health complications. According to the Alzheimer’s Association 6 out of 10 people with Alzheimer’s will wander and become lost at some time during the course of their disease and if not found within 24 hours, up to half will suffer serious injury or death.

I am passionate about Alzheimer’s disease. Below is an article from the Huffington Post about Alzheimer’s & the Silver Alert system that I wanted to share –

Missing, Wandering Alzheimer’s Patients A Growing Concern

by David Lohr

In some cities, there are so many homeless people wandering the streets that others barely notice anymore.

But while mental illness is frequently to blame for their situations, those suffering specifically from Alzheimer’s disease may wander without knowing why they are there or where they’ve come from.

It’s an unfortunately common problem for people with Alzheimer’s to end up lost. But those who then vanish without a trace -– the people who cannot be located and are often never found –- constitute a rapidly growing crisis looming on the horizon for baby boomers and their loved ones.

“There should be more awareness,” Darolyn Fagg told HuffPost. “When a patient is diagnosed, a doctor’s office should be more proactive in sharing information about the available resources. We had no idea until my mother went missing.”

Fagg’s mother, Hellen Cook, 72, was diagnosed with Alzheimer’s in 2009. Her symptoms worsened and her ability to speak significantly diminished over time, according to her daughter.

Cook was last seen on July 13, near Warsaw, Mo., a small city about 100 miles southeast of Kansas City.

Cook and Fagg’s father, Howard Cook, were at their second home in rural Benton County when she disappeared. Howard Cook said his wife of 51 years was sitting on a porch swing when he went to put his lawn mower away. When he returned, she was gone.

Despite multiple searches, Hellen Cook has never been found.

“These things can happen any given time. All it takes is a caregiver who’s working really hard, to turn around for a second and the person can wander,” said Beth Kallmyer, vice president of constituent services at the Alzheimer’s Association.

Alzheimer’s disease is fueling an increase in missing person cases worldwide and, without a cure, the problem could reach epidemic proportions by the year 2050. The disease, the most common form of dementia, is gradual, unbeatable so far and ultimately fatal. It afflicts 1 in 9 people older than 65, and according to the Alzheimer’s Association, more than 6 of every 10 people with dementia will wander — and some never to be found.

The growing number of reported cases has not gone unnoticed by organizations committed to raising awareness about missing persons. “I’ve seen a steady increase in our own cases in the past five years,” Kelly Murphy, founder of the Omaha, Nebraska-basedProject Jason, told The Huffington Post.

Project Jason offers resources to families of the missing and has successfully organized grassroots efforts to pass missing-persons legislation. Murphy started Project Jason after her son, Jason Jolkowski, disappeared in June 2001. He is still missing.

“There’s approximately 125,000 search-and-rescue missions where volunteer teams are deployed … for missing Alzheimer’s patients every year,” said Kimberly Kelly, founder and director of Project Far From Home, an Alzheimer’s education program designed for law enforcement and search and rescue personnel.

The estimated number of reported cases is conservative, because not every department contributes to the reports, she said.

“With 5.5 million people with the disease, and 70 percent wandering away at least once, you can do the math,” she said. “Even [if] it is a 10-minute wandering episode versus a 10-day episode, you’re still looking at potentially 3 million people who would be walking away any given year. It’s huge.”

For many families, a lack of education about the disease fuels the problem.

Patricia Bryan has been looking for her father, Kenneth Lawson, since June 6. The 76-year-old was last seen at his home in Union Point, Ga. A number of exhaustive searches has been conducted, all to no avail.

“We have had no leads on the whereabouts of my father,” Bryan said. “He was not always in a state of confusion. He would have moments were he would check out or not know where he was, but this was not all the time. Up till my father went missing, I didn’t realize just how many people with dementia and Alzheimer’s went missing on a daily basis. The media does not do them justice.”

With each day, the odds of finding any missing person decrease, but when the missing person suffers from an impairment, the odds are worse. Alzheimer’s patients do not wander without an actual cause; very few have hallucinations. They typically are going somewhere, looking for something, and don’t actually consider themselves lost, so they don’t reach out for help. The environment also can play a pivotal role

“In Virginia, if an Alzheimer’s patient is not found in 24 hours, about 46 percent are found dead. In Nova Scotia, the mortality rate is 70 percent. In parts of California, we’ve never recovered a live Alzheimer’s patient after 24 hours,” Kelly said.

And it’s a problem that will continue to grow. Unless a cure is found, an estimated 16.5 million people will suffer from Alzheimer’s by the year 2050.

“In the next 20 years, it’s going to bloom because of the baby boomer population,” said Amanda Burstein, project manager of Alzheimer’s Initiatives for the International Association of Chiefs of Police. “That, in tandem with people using alert system’s, we’ll be seeing it more and it will be happening more because there are more of us at risk for it.”

Earlier in 2013, the Obama administration dedicated an additional $100 million within President Barack Obama’s fiscal 2014 budget to the fight against Alzheimer’s. A “National Plan to Address Alzheimer’s Disease” was also implemented. The goal is to prevent and effectively treat the disease by 2025.

The success of the president’s initiative is difficult to predict. In the interim, better education for the families of Alzheimer’s patients and members of law enforcement could help curb the problem.

“If someone does go missing, you need to call 911 immediately,” said Kallmyer. “It’s not a situation where you wait 24 hours, because they are vulnerable and can’t necessarily find their way home or take care of themselves. It’s always an emergency.”

Thirty-two states in the United States have some form of public notification system — sometimes referred to as a Silver Alert — to broadcast information about missing seniors with Alzheimer’s disease, dementia or other mental disabilities. The guidelines are governed on a state-by-state basis. The goal is to have an alert system in every state, but that has not been easy, according to Kelly, who said some of the opponents are members of abducted children’s groups.

“They are afraid that equipment would be utilized for Silver Alerts and the [public’s] attention would be diluted for Amber Alerts,” she said. “The problem with that is that we’re starting to see even more cases where you have an elderly grandparent who has custody of grandchildren. You see cases where grandma is going to take a baby for a walk and doesn’t come back.”

J. Todd Matthews, southeast regional director of the National Missing and Unidentified Persons System, which was created by the U.S. Department of Justice, said he is seeing an increase in general in missing persons cases.

Alzheimer’s is a defining disease of a rapidly aging population and knowledge is key, he said.

“I think we will be very wise to put great thought into this issue as soon as possible,” he said. “The population is growing and so will this issue without efforts to prevent it. Awareness is the first step. It’s an investment in our own potential future. How would you want to be treated if it were you? It very well might be one day.”

For more information on the disease or to learn how you can take steps to help prevent a loved one from wandering, call the Alzheimer’s Association free 24-hour hotline at 800-272-3900.

The Alzheimer’s Association has put together a list of helpful tips.